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영어의 전치사 종류

1.1. 개요

100% 헷갈리는 영어전치사 짝꿍 10묶음
참고 영상

1.2. 주요 전치사

  • 출처 : [http]http://tip.daum.net/question/39421701[]
    전치사의 종류: 
        1. 단순 전치사 - on, in, at
        2. 이중 전치사 - from under, from behind
        3. 구전치사 - in spite of
    
    at : 비교적 좁은 장소, 시간, 정오
    against : 반대하는 
    after : ~의 뒤를 쫓아, ~후에
    around : ~주위에, 
    along : ~을 따라서,
    across : ~을 건너
    above : 보다 위쪽에
    among : 셋이상사이에
    before : ~의 앞에, ~전에
    below : 아래쪽에
    by : ~로, ~의 옆에, ~까지
    behind : ~의 뒤에
    beneath :바로 밑에
    between : 둘사이에
    during :~중에
    down : 아래쪽으로
    except : ~을 제외하고
    from : ~로 부터
    for : 찬성하는, ~원 어치의, ~을 향하여, ~하는 동안에
    in : ~로, ~안에, 비교적 넓은 장소, ~지나서, 년, 계절, 월, 아침, 저녁.
    into : ~안으로
    on : ~에 관하여, 위에, 날자 요일
    over : 바로 위에
    of : ~로부터
    out of :~밖으로
    round : ~을 돌아서
    since :~이래로
    till :~까지
    to : ~로
    toward : ~쪽으로
    through : ~을 통하여, ~동안 죽
    under :밑에
    up : 위쪽으로
    with : ~을 가지고
    within : ~이내에
     
    전치사의 종류
     
    (1) 시간을 나타내는 전치사
     ① at - 시각
        * Can you come at nine? (9시에 올 수 있어요?)
     ② on - 날짜, 요일, 특정한 날
        * I play tennis on Sunday. (나는 일요일에 테니스를 한다)  
     ③ in - 주, 월, 계절, 년, 세기 등
        * Are there many holidays in October?
          (10월에는 많은 휴일이 있습니까?)
     ④ before <∼전에>  after <∼후에>  till, until <∼까지>
        * I played tennis after school. (나는 방과후에 테니스를 했다)       
     
    (2) 장소를 나타내는 전치사
     ① at <∼에(서)>라는 뜻으로 비교적 좁은 장소에 쓰인다.
        in <∼에(서)>라는 뜻으로 비교적 넓은 장소에 쓰인다.             
        * I met him at the station. (나는 정거장에서 그를 만났다)
          Let's play soccer in the park. (공원에서 축구하자)
     ② on (접촉), over (바로 위), above (보다 위쪽에) <∼위에>
        under <(접촉해서)∼아래에>
        * There is a bridge over the river. (강 위에는 다리가 있다)
     
    (3) for, by
     ① for <∼을 향하여(목적)>, <∼동안(기간)>, <∼에게는>, <∼을 향하여>
        * I bought a book for you. (나는 당신을 위해 책을 한 권 샀다)
     ② by <∼로(수단, 교통 수단)>, <∼까지>, <∼옆에>
        * I go to school by bus. (나는 버스를 타고 학교에 갔다)
     
     
    전치사와 부사, 전치사와 접속사의 역할을 동시에 하는 것
     
    ⑴ in
        * We live in Seoul. (우리는 서울에서 산다) 전치사 (∼에)
          Come in, please. (안으로 들어오십시오) 부사 (안으로)
    ⑵ On
        * He goes to church on Sunday. 전치사 (∼에) (그는 일요일에 교회에 간다)
          I'll keep a diary from now on. 부사 (계속해서)
          (나는 지금부터 계속해서 일기를 쓸 것이다.)
    ⑶ before
        * Do you usually study before supper? 전치사
          (너는 보통 저녁 먹기 전에 공부하느냐?)
          Do you have many things to do before you go to bed? 접속사
          (너는 잠자리에 들기 전에 할 일이 많이 있니?)
    ⑷ after
        * I play tennis after school. 전치사 (나는 방과후에 테니스를 했다)
          I arrived after he left. 접속사 (나는 그가 떠난 후에 도착했다)
    ⑸ until
        * Let's wait here until two o'clock. 전치사 (2시까지 여기서 기다립시다)
          * I'll wait here until he comes. 접속사 (그가 올 때까지 여기서 기다릴 것이다)
     
     
     
     
    중요한 전치사
     
    ⑴ during  <∼동안>특정한 기간을 나타내는 명사와 함께 쓴다.
        * He kept sleeping during the lesson. (그는 수업 시간 동안 내내 잤다)
    ⑵ from A to B, from A till B  
        * It takes thirty minutes from my house to my school.
          (나의 집에서 학교까지 30분이 걸린다)
          He works hard from morning till night. (아침부터 밤까지 열심히 공부한다)
                                          
    ⑶ in front of (=before) <∼앞에>
        * There was a car in front of the house. (집 앞에 차 한 대가 있었다)
    ⑷ like  <∼처럼>
        * I want to be a great scientist like Newton.
          (나는 Newton 같은 위대한 과학자가 되고 싶다)
      <주의> like가 동사로 쓰이면 「좋아하다」의 뜻이다.
        * I like to climb the mountain every Sunday.
          (나는 일요일마다 등산하기를 좋아한다)
    ⑸ among  <∼중에>
        * Jane is the most beautiful girl among three.
          (Jane이 셋 중에서 가장 아름다운 소녀이다)
    ⑹ between A and B   와 B사이에>  
        * Many men tried to reach the North Pole between 1898 and 1905.
          (많은 사람들이 1898년과 1905년 사이에 북극에 도달하려고 노력했다)
    ⑺ without  <∼없이, ∼않고>
        * He ran all the way from his school to his home without stopping.
         (그는 학교에서 집까지 쉬지 않고 내내 달렸다)
    ⑻ behind  <∼뒤에>  
        * The house stands behind the church. (그 집은 교회 뒤에 있다)
    ⑼ out of  <∼에서>
        * They made the rings out of gold. (그들은 반지를 금으로 만들었다)
          He ran out of the room. (그는 방에서 뛰어나갔다)
    ⑽ along  <∼을 따라>
        * We walked along the street. (우리는 길을 따라 걸었다)
    ⑾ on  <(표면에 접촉하여) 위에>   beneath  <(표면에 접촉하여) 아래에>
        * There is a picture on the wall. (벽에 그림이 한 점 있다)
          The ice broke beneathe our feet. (얼음이 우리 발 아래서 부서졌다)
    ⑿ over  <∼(바로) 위에>     under  <∼(바로) 아래에>
        * The dog jumped over the fence.
          There is a sleeping dog under the table.
    ⒀ above  <∼보다 높은 위쪽에[으로]>    below  <∼보다 낮은 아래쪽에[으로]>
        * The moon rose above the mountain. (저쪽 산 너머로 달이 솟았다)
          the sun set below the horizon. (지평선 아래로 해가 졌다)
    ⒁ up  <∼의 위쪽으로>     down  <∼의 아래쪽으로>   모두 방향성이 있다.
        * He ran up[down] the stairs. (계단 위로[아래로] 뛰어 갔다)
    ⒂ around  <∼의 주위에, 둘레에> 정지 상태
       round  <∼의 주위로> 운동 상태
       about  <∼의 부근에, 여기저기에> 막연한 주위
        * The earth move round[around] the sun.
          They were walking about the street.
    

1.3. 주요 영단어

  1. alternative
  2. analyze
  3. approach
  4. arbitrary
  5. assess
  6. assign
  7. assume
  8. compensate
  9. complex
  10. comply
  11. component
  12. concept
  13. conclude
  14. consist
  15. constant
  16. construct
  17. consult
  18. contact
  19. context
  20. criterion
  21. data
  22. define
  23. definite
  24. denote
  25. derive
  26. devise
  27. dimension
  28. distinct
  29. element
  30. environment
  31. equate
  32. equivalent
  33. establish
  34. evaluate
  35. evident
  36. formulate
  37. guarantee
  38. hypothesis
  39. identify
  40. ignore
  41. illustrate
  42. impact
  43. implicit
  44. imply
  45. indicate
  46. initial
  47. interpret
  48. involve
  49. magnitude
  50. method
  51. minimum
  52. modify
  53. negative
  54. obvious
  55. potential
  56. presume
  57. prime
  58. proceed
  59. publish
  60. pursue
  61. random
  62. range
  63. region
  64. require
  65. restrict
  66. reverse
  67. role
  68. similar
  69. specify
  70. status
  71. subsequent
  72. suffice
  73. sum
  74. summary
  75. technique
  76. tense
  77. ultimate
  78. usage
  79. valid
  80. vary
  81. vertical
  82. accelerate
  83. achieve
  84. adjacent
  85. affect
  86. approximate
  87. assert
  88. authorize
  89. automatic
  90. aware
  91. chapter
  92. complicate
  93. comprehend
  94. conceive
  95. concentrate
  96. consequent
  97. contrast
  98. contribute
  99. convert
  100. create
  101. crucial
  102. decade
  103. demonstrate
  104. design
  105. devote
  106. distort
  107. emphasize
  108. empirical
  109. ensure
  110. entity
  111. equilibrium
  112. expand
  113. expose
  114. external
  115. feasible
  116. fluctuate
  117. focus
  118. function
  119. generate
  120. individual
  121. infer
  122. inhibit
  123. innovation
  124. intense
  125. intuitive
  126. isolate
  127. magnetic
  128. major
  129. manipulate
  130. mathematics
  131. mature
  132. notion
  133. obtain
  134. occur
  135. passive
  136. period
  137. perspective
  138. pertinent
  139. phase
  140. phenomena
  141. portion
  142. precede
  143. precise
  144. principle
  145. react
  146. respective
  147. section
  148. segment
  149. select
  150. sequence
  151. series
  152. shift
  153. signify
  154. simultaneous
  155. sophisticated
  156. species
  157. stable
  158. statistic
  159. structure
  160. technology
  161. theory
  162. trace
  163. tradition
  164. transmit
  165. undergo
  166. verbal
  167. verify
  168. abandon
  169. accomplish
  170. adapt
  171. adequate
  172. adjust
  173. appreciate
  174. appropriate
  175. area
  176. attitude
  177. chemical
  178. circumstance
  179. classic
  180. commune
  181. conduct
  182. conflict
  183. consume
  184. convene
  185. coordinate
  186. correspond
  187. credible
  188. critic
  189. dedicate
  190. deficient
  191. deviate
  192. discrete
  193. disperse
  194. dispose
  195. drama
  196. dynamic
  197. economy
  198. estimate
  199. exclude
  200. exert
  201. explicit
  202. exploit
  203. factor
  204. feature
  205. final
  206. geography
  207. image
  208. intellect
  209. intelligent
  210. issue
  211. labor
  212. maintain
  213. manifest
  214. maximum
  215. motive
  216. network
  217. norm
  218. notate
  219. occupy
  220. orientate
  221. physical
  222. plot
  223. pole
  224. positive
  225. preposition
  226. prestige
  227. previous
  228. proprietor
  229. rational
  230. relevance
  231. rely
  232. reveal
  233. rotate
  234. satellite
  235. scheme
  236. seek
  237. source
  238. superficial
  239. task
  240. transition
  241. underlie
  242. visual
  243. acquire
  244. administer
  245. aesthetic
  246. allege
  247. allocate
  248. alter
  249. analogy
  250. appraise
  251. assemble
  252. assure
  253. atmosphere
  254. atom
  255. attribute
  256. avail
  257. axis
  258. bomb
  259. capable
  260. cease
  261. constitute
  262. contaminate
  263. contradict
  264. culture
  265. dedicate
  266. denominator
  267. dense
  268. diagram
  269. discourse
  270. distribute
  271. diverse
  272. dominate
  273. elaborate
  274. eliminate
  275. embody
  276. emotion
  277. energy
  278. eventual
  279. forgo
  280. fragment
  281. goal
  282. heredity
  283. impress
  284. incident
  285. incompatible
  286. induce
  287. integrate
  288. internal
  289. intervene
  290. investigate
  291. judicial
  292. justify
  293. litigate
  294. logic
  295. military
  296. mobile
  297. perpendicular
  298. persist
  299. philosophy
  300. predict
  301. project
  302. proportion
  303. psychology
  304. reject
  305. release
  306. research
  307. reservoir
  308. revolt
  309. speculate
  310. sphere
  311. spontaneous
  312. stipulate
  313. subside
  314. subsidize
  315. superimpose
  316. symbol
  317. tentative
  318. text
  319. theorem
  320. upsurge
  321. absorb
  322. abstract
  323. accurate
  324. advocate
  325. aid
  326. biology
  327. category
  328. client
  329. code
  330. compound
  331. confront
  332. contract
  333. contrary
  334. crisis
  335. deny
  336. dictate
  337. diffuse
  338. dispute
  339. duration
  340. edit
  341. electron
  342. enlighten
  343. err
  344. execute
  345. expel
  346. fraud
  347. grant
  348. graph
  349. gravity
  350. homogeneous
  351. implement
  352. impose
  353. incorporate
  354. insist
  355. institute
  356. instruct
  357. intersect
  358. interval
  359. job
  360. kindred
  361. label
  362. legitimate
  363. objective
  364. overlap
  365. parenthesis
  366. perpetrate
  367. preliminary
  368. radius
  369. respond
  370. restore
  371. retain
  372. retard
  373. rudimentary
  374. secure
  375. stimulate
  376. stress
  377. style
  378. subtle
  379. superior
  380. supplement
  381. suppress
  382. symptom
  383. synthetic
  384. tiny
  385. trait
  386. transfer
  387. transform
  388. trivial
  389. vast
  390. version
  391. abnormal
  392. academic
  393. accompany
  394. adjective
  395. adult
  396. agitate
  397. appeal
  398. arouse
  399. aspect
  400. assist
  401. attain
  402. awe
  403. benefit
  404. civic
  405. clarify
  406. collide
  407. comment
  408. commit
  409. compute
  410. conform
  411. conjunction
  412. console
  413. contemplate
  414. contend
  415. contingent
  416. controversy
  417. converse
  418. cooperate
  419. cycle
  420. decline
  421. degenerate
  422. doctrine
  423. extract
  424. fertile
  425. found
  426. hemisphere
  427. hierarchy
  428. identical
  429. incline
  430. income
  431. instinct
  432. interact
  433. interlock
  434. interlude
  435. legal
  436. locate
  437. medium
  438. metabolism
  439. microscope
  440. minor
  441. nerve
  442. niche
  443. oblige
  444. participate
  445. planet
  446. propagate
  447. propensity
  448. prosper
  449. protest
  450. radical
  451. reign
  452. reinforce
  453. revise
  454. sanction
  455. scalar
  456. strata
  457. subjective
  458. sustain
  459. tangent
  460. terminology
  461. tone
  462. topic
  463. uniform
  464. urban
  465. virtual
  466. volume
  467. voluntary
  468. adolescent
  469. affiliate
  470. affluence
  471. alcohol
  472. aristocrat
  473. astronomy
  474. cell
  475. collapse
  476. colloquial
  477. commodity
  478. competence
  479. concentric
  480. confer
  481. configuration
  482. congress
  483. conserve
  484. continent
  485. corporate
  486. creditor
  487. crystal
  488. cumbersome
  489. defer
  490. degrade
  491. democracy
  492. depress
  493. dissolve
  494. divine
  495. domestic
  496. ethics
  497. finance
  498. fraction
  499. friction
  500. fuse
  501. geometry
  502. horror
  503. incentive
  504. incessant
  505. intermediate
  506. invade
  507. inverse
  508. invoke
  509. migrate
  510. morphology
  511. muscle
  512. navy
  513. neutral
  514. nutrient
  515. obsolete
  516. odor
  517. parliament
  518. peasant
  519. plead
  520. policy
  521. pragmatic
  522. precipitate
  523. prevail
  524. prudence
  525. rectangle
  526. reform
  527. refute
  528. repudiate
  529. revive
  530. rhythm
  531. saint
  532. schedule
  533. score
  534. sibling
  535. sketch
  536. sociology
  537. spectrum
  538. stereotype
  539. terror
  540. texture
  541. thermal
  542. tissue
  543. transact
  544. x-ray
  545. adhere
  546. aggregate
  547. aggression
  548. align
  549. allude
  550. ally
  551. bore
  552. bureaucracy
  553. cater
  554. circulate
  555. coincide
  556. consent
  557. correlate
  558. currency
  559. deprive
  560. detect
  561. detriment
  562. discern
  563. dissipate
  564. drug
  565. evolve
  566. fallacy
  567. finite
  568. fraternal
  569. frustrate
  570. imperial
  571. index
  572. invest
  573. launch
  574. legislate
  575. lens
  576. liable
  577. linguistic
  578. locomotion
  579. magic
  580. metaphor
  581. monarch
  582. nuclear
  583. oscillate
  584. oxygen
  585. partisan
  586. pendulum
  587. pervade
  588. postulate
  589. premise
  590. proclaim
  591. provoke
  592. rebel
  593. reluctance
  594. reproduce
  595. rigid
  596. secrete
  597. sex
  598. solar
  599. spatial
  600. subordinate
  601. supreme
  602. territory
  603. treaty
  604. trend
  605. utilize
  606. utter
  607. acid
  608. ambiguity
  609. amorphous
  610. asset
  611. averse
  612. carbon
  613. complement
  614. condense
  615. confine
  616. construe
  617. displace
  618. diverge
  619. drastic
  620. efficient
  621. enumerate
  622. evaporate
  623. evoke
  624. exhaust
  625. faction
  626. federal
  627. frontier
  628. fund
  629. illuminate
  630. indigenous
  631. innate
  632. integer
  633. intrinsic
  634. liberate
  635. margin
  636. material
  637. matrix
  638. molecule
  639. momentum
  640. odd
  641. orbit
  642. residue
  643. reverberate
  644. rural
  645. stationary
  646. subdivide
  647. suspend
  648. unduly
  649. velocity
  650. vibrate
  651. violate
  652. vocabulary
  653. access
  654. angular
  655. anomaly
  656. anonymous
  657. anthropology
  658. append
  659. appendix
  660. ascribe
  661. aspiration
  662. assent
  663. assimilate
  664. auspices
  665. clinic
  666. coefficient
  667. cogent
  668. comprise
  669. compulsion
  670. converge
  671. deflect
  672. deliberate
  673. dispense
  674. elevate
  675. elicit
  676. eloquent
  677. emancipate
  678. embrace
  679. emerge
  680. enhance
  681. enrich
  682. episode
  683. equidistant
  684. exponent
  685. facilitate
  686. fluent
  687. fossil
  688. inconsistent
  689. inflation
  690. ingenious
  691. inherent
  692. interrelate
  693. interview
  694. intimacy
  695. maternal
  696. myth
  697. null
  698. option
  699. outcome
  700. perpetual
  701. priority
  702. procure
  703. prohibit
  704. province
  705. purport
  706. quote
  707. recur
  708. remove
  709. render
  710. repress
  711. resident
  712. rigor
  713. saturate
  714. skeleton
  715. surplus
  716. tangible
  717. tolerate
  718. triangle
  719. vague
  720. accumulate
  721. annual
  722. apparatus
  723. arithmetic
  724. attach
  725. battery
  726. breed
  727. bubble
  728. bulk
  729. calendar
  730. cancel
  731. capture
  732. career
  733. catalogue
  734. challenge
  735. channel
  736. circuit
  737. column
  738. communicate
  739. compel
  740. cylinder
  741. debate
  742. decimal
  743. defect
  744. diameter
  745. digest
  746. drain
  747. enable
  748. equipment
  749. expert
  750. export
  751. fare
  752. fate
  753. fluid
  754. fuel
  755. fulfill
  756. fundamental
  757. genuine
  758. germ
  759. harbor
  760. hero
  761. hostile
  762. huge
  763. import
  764. impulse
  765. inferior
  766. injure
  767. inspect
  768. instance
  769. irrigate
  770. item
  771. journal
  772. laboratory
  773. layer
  774. lecture
  775. leisure
  776. luxury
  777. mental
  778. moist
  779. novel
  780. pest
  781. pollution
  782. port
  783. process
  784. ratio
  785. resource
  786. revolve
  787. route
  788. shrink
  789. site
  790. starve
  791. survey
  792. switch
  793. tape
  794. team
  795. telescope
  796. temporary
  797. theft
  798. tire
  799. tractor
  800. traffic
  801. transparent
  802. transport
  803. tropical
  804. undertake
  805. vein
  806. vital
  807. volt
  808. withdraw
total 808 words


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